Dec 03, 2021  
2017-2018 Undergraduate Catalog 
    
2017-2018 Undergraduate Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Course Descriptions


 

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French

  
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    FRE 402 Introduction to French Literature II

    3 Credit(s) DI
    The literature of the 19th and 20th centuries. This course and FRE401 may be taken to satisfy the Literature Sequence distribution requirement. Conducted in French. Three lecture hours per week. Prerequisite: FRE 202  or equivalent.
  
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    FRE 450 French Experience

    3 Credit(s)
    This is an experiential learning course in French.  The student will use intermediate-level or advanced French language skill to actively participate in an internship, a service-learning project, a travel-study research project or other experiential learning project.  A minimum of fifteen hours of field experience per credit is required.  Readings related to the experience, weekly journal submissions and a final paper or portfolio will chronicle and analyze the internship experience.  Three to six credit hours.  Prerequisites:  Any two courses at the 300-level or higher in French.
  
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    FRE 500 Directed Study in French

    3 Credit(s)
    An individualized, in-depth course for French minors taking into account the needs and interests of the student and the areas of expertise of the faculty member supervising the directed study. Prerequisites: FRE 202 , FRE 202R , or FRE 201X-202X  and permission of Department Chairperson.
  
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    FRE 501 Senior Seminar Thesis

    3 Credit(s) W W-III
    Students will write a thesis based on original research in the field of French or Francophone studies.  Progress will be assessed at weekly group discussions.  Students will be guided in research methods, in the process of writing and revising a thesis, and in writing for public presentation and presentations skills.  Required of all World Language & Cultures majors in the French concentration. Prerequisites: Six French courses numbered 300-500, or permission of the Department Chairperson.

Fire Science

  
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    FSC 300 Fire Science Administration

    3 Credit(s)
    This course is designed to introduce the student to modern management concepts and their relevance to the fire service. It will explore the skills and techniques used by competent management in business, government, and voluntary organizations, with emphasis on their linking to fire science. Decision-making, communications, motivation, leadership, stress and time management, among other management principles will be studied in depth. Three lecture hours per week. FSC major requirement.
  
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    FSC 350 Advanced Arson Detection and Prevention

    3 Credit(s)
    This course studies the problems and techniques of fire investigation, the chemistry of fire, and combustion properties of selected fuels. Emphasis on modern investigative methods and on the application and assistance of various scientific aids available to the fire investigator. Arson prevention programs, their success and/or failure, will be discussed. Three lecture hours per week. FSC major requirement.
  
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    FSC 360 Fire Service Law

    3 Credit(s)
    This course will cover the legal principles that serve as the foundation for proper decision-making and protocol in a fire service organization. Case studies will be used to explain how to avoid problems by learning from the experience of others. Three lecture hours per week.
  
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    FSC 370 Managing Community Based Fire Prevention Programs

    3 Credit(s)
    This course provides fundamental information on the organization and management of a community based fire prevention program with emphasis on the fire prevention bureau structure and functions, the local and state code process, the business of fire prevention, budgeting and cost recovery, and public education. Case studies will be used in this course. Three lecture hours per week.
  
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    FSC 380 Managing the Emergency Scene: Principles and Practices

    3 Credit(s)
    This course will provide an educational foundation to prepare members of the fire service for the structure and accountability required to assume responsibility at an emergency scene. Emphasis will be on proper decision-making strategies and tactics. An important element of this course is the use of case studies to show the application of theory to real world situations. Three lecture hours per week.
  
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    FSC 520 Internship in Fire Science

    3 Credit(s)
    The internship affords students the opportunity to translate theory into practice, to apply and gain knowledge, and to experience directly the operations and functions of a Fire Service agency. This fieldwork may assist students in clarifying their career goals and exploring future employment opportunities. Interns must be available for eight to ten hours per week for fieldwork and regular meetings with the Coordinator of Fire Science. Open only for FSC majors. Prerequisites: FSC 300 , FSC 350 . OM/MIS Department Chairperson.

German

  
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    GER 101 Elementary German I

    3 Credit(s)


    An introductory course in German. Beginning skills are developed in the areas of listening, speaking, reading, writing and culture. Three hours of class work per week, supplemented by one hour of assigned work in the Language Resource Center.

     

  
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    GER 102 Elementary German II

    3 Credit(s)
    Continuation of GER 101 . An introductory course in German. Beginning skills are developed in the areas of listening, speaking, reading, writing and culture. Three hours of class work per week; supplemented by one hour of assigned work in the Language Resource Center. Prerequisite: GER 101  or equivalent.
  
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    GER 201 Intermediate German I

    3 Credit(s) WC
    The principal aim of this course is to solidify upon the skills acquired in GER101  -102  . Basic grammar is reviewed while new grammatical material is introduced. In addition, students will explore German-speaking cultures and read some literary texts. Three hours of class work per week, supplemented by one hour of assigned work in the Language Resource Center.
    Prerequisite:  GER102  or equivalent.
  
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    GER 202 Intermediate German II

    3 Credit(s) WC
    Continuation of GER 201 . The principle aim of this course and its continuation is to solidify upon the skills acquired in GER 101 -GER 102 . Basic grammar is reviewed while new grammatical material is introduced.  In addition, students will explore German-speaking cultures and read some literary texts. Three hours of class work per week, supplemented by one hour of assigned work in the Language Resource Center. Prerequisite: GER 201  or equivalent.
  
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    GER 351 Advanced German Conversation

    3 Credit(s)
    In this course, students will develop spoken proficiency in German. Students will practice listening skills with films, documentaries, songs, radio, television programs or other audiovisual materials. These materials will also generate discussion topics for class and help students to expand their vocabulary. Through dialogs and role-playing, students will practice speaking in a variety of situations encountered in day-to-day living. Three lecture hours per week, supplemented by listening activities in the Language Resource Center. Conducted entirely in German.
    Prerequisite: GER202  or equivalent.

Geography

  
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    GGR 470 Geographic Aspects of Urban Planning

    3 Credit(s)
    Discussion of the role of geographic investigation in city, regional and resource planning. Designed to acquaint the student with the potential role of the geographer in the planning profession. Three lecture hours per week. Requires extensive field research that may substitute for some lectures. Prerequisite: GGR271.
  
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    GPH 100P Weather and Climate

    4 Credit(s) DII Q SR SRL
    This course analyzes the elements and controls of weather on the earth’s surface including the extent and composition of the atmosphere, atmospheric heating and cooling, pressure and winds, moisture and precipitation. An introduction to weather forecasting techniques and a descriptive analysis of world climate regions.An introduction to global climate change, past, present, and analysis of possible future climate change. Introduction to maps and basic topics in physical geography. Three lecture hours and one two-hour laboratory per week. Satisfies the Scientific Reasoning (with laboratory) for the General Education Core.  Not open to students who have received credit for GGR100P, GGR101P, or GPH 101P .
  
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    GPH 101P Physical Geography I

    4 Credit(s) DII Q
    This course is a survey of weather elements as the basis for the regionalization of world climate. Analysis of meteorological processes and the association of major elements to define climates. Laboratory study of weather elements with emphasis on the collection and presentation of data. Three lecture hours and one two-hour laboratory per week. Satisfies laboratory science sequence requirement with GGR102P or GPH 102P . Not open to students who have received credits for GGR100P, GGR101P or GPH 100P .
  
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    GPH 102P Physical Geography II

    4 Credit(s) DII Q
    This course describes and analyzes climate and its influence on the spatial pattern and properties of plants, soils, and landforms. Integrated and process-oriented study of the geography of the world’s biomes, soils, and physical landscapes. Includes study of soil, erosion, desertification, and watershed processes. Laboratory practice in the methods of landform analysis, climate data analysis, and problems in biogeography and soils. Three lecture hours and one two-hour laboratory per week. Satisfies laboratory science sequence requirement with GPH 101P . Not open to students who have received credit for GGR102P. Prerequisite: GGR100P or GPH 100P  or GGR101P or GPH 101P  or permission of the Department Chairperson. 
  
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    GPH 105 Introduction to Geography

    3 Credit(s) DIII CS
    This course is designed to develop an understanding of the perspectives of geography, its evolution as a problem solving science, and its application to contemporary issues. Topics emphasizing spatial relations such as cultural perspectives, population dynamics the impact of economic development, social institutions and political organization are utilized. Case studies from around the world are used to increase the student’s awareness of Geography. Three lecture hours per week.  Not open to students who have received credit for GGR105.
  
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    GPH 105H Foundations of Global Studies:People, Places and Environment (Honors)

    3 Credit(s) CS
    As an introduction to geography, this course is designed to provide an overview of the different branches of geographic inquiry and thought to assist students in developing a critical awareness of the dynamic world in which we live, as well as to begin asking questions that seek to understand the spatial relationships between people, places and the environment. This course considers how the key concepts of place and space can be used to understand the special character and interactions of history, culture, economics, and the environment and will attempt to engage students’ broad interests through the lens of geographical thinking and analysis.
  
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    GPH 110 World Regions

    3 Credit(s) DIII V WC
    This course examines the interrelationships of the physical and cultural patterns of the world regions. Special attention will be given to various specific locations. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR110.
  
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    GPH 115 Global Climate Change: Causes and Consequences

    3 Credit(s) SR
    Global climate change is one of the dominant issues of our time. The earth’s warming has already altered many ecosystems with marked results. This course studies these changes, their likely effects, and future scenarios. Students will consider the changes in the natural world and their impacts on societies around the world.
  
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    GPH 115H Global Climate Change Honors

    3 Credit(s) SR
    Global climate change is one of the dominant issues of our time. This course will provide a foundational understanding of climate change from the perspective of atmospheric science. The course will begin with an introduction into what climate change is and then explore past climate changes and how science is able to reconstruct the past. The course will explore how our current climate change is changing and what the driving forces of change are. Students will explore how a changing climate affects society in multiple ways and they will be introduced to various future scenarios of climate change. Students will also explore several mitigation and adaptation strategies for climate change. Three lecture hours per week.
  
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    GPH 140 Introduction to Maps and Geographical Information Systems

    3 Credit(s) DII Q QR
    This introductory course is designed to provide a working knowledge of maps as a medium of communication and a general overview of Geographic Information Systems (GIS). The cartographic component includes material on map components, history, and use. The GIS component includes historical background, field developments, current trends and future prospects in this rapidly expanding field. Basic methodologies and analytical functions of GIS will be introduced along with additional spatial and geographic concepts including the nature of spatial data, data capture and acquisition, data sources, spatial queries and spatial analysis. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR150.
  
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    GPH 171 Environmental Sustainability and Society

    3 Credit(s) DIII CS
    This course applies geography’s human-environment tradition to examine the regional and spatial dimensions of sustainability around the world. In pursuing sustainable development, humans seek to maximize the benefits of social and economic development while maintaining the services from, and quality of, the Earth’s natural resources. Students will explore case studies addressing some of the conflicts between human desires for material well being and our ability to protect the natural environment and maintain cultural and social traditions. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR275.
  
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    GPH 180 Saving the World - Social Justice in an Era of Climate Change

    3 Credit(s) CS
    Recent years have seen an upsurge in global responses to the increasing threat of catastrophic climate change. This course explores this emerging global movement, with a particular focus on examining local and international responses, current policy debates and the future directions of the climate justice movement. Students will explore current news on climate issues, the impact and potential of climate activism, and debates around the radical political and policy changes that are necessary to avert a climate crisis. The course will develop students’ understandings and skills for participating in local solutions to the climate change. Three lecture hours per week.
  
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    GPH 220 Geography of New England

    3 Credit(s) DIII
    This course present New England, a relatively distinct cultural, economic and historical region, in terms of its physical features and the urban and rural economic structure with a view towards evaluating the future potential of the region. Three lecture hours per week. Field trips may be included. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR158.
  
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    GPH 221 Geography of Canada

    3 Credit(s) DIII WC
    This course is designed as an introductory survey course on the geography of Canada. It will be structured around the five fundamental themes of geography (i.e. location, place, human-environment interaction, movement and regions). The course will analysis the physiographic, climatic, cultural, economic and political regions and patterns of Canada. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR159.
  
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    GPH 222 Geography of the United States

    3 Credit(s) DIII V CS
    This course provides a detailed regional analysis emphasizing the interrelationship of the physical, historical, economic and social geography of the United States. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR222.
  
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    GPH 229 Geography of the Caribbean and Middle America

    3 Credit(s) DIII V WC
    This course explores the physical and cultural environment in Latin America and the Caribbean. It will examine the rich heritage of the regions’ inhabitants, their cultural, economic and political life and the effects of climate and geomorphology on their culture. Students will also explore the cultural heritage and diversity of this region, and the region’s role in the global economy. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR229.
  
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    GPH 233 Russia and Its Neighbors

    3 Credit(s) DIII
    This course analyzes the human and physical geographies of Eastern Europe, Russia, the Southern Caucuses and Central Asia. Special attention will be paid to the contemporary problems of the region and the geographic influences of these problems. Examples may include the rise of nationalism in the region, the new role of local governance, the collapse of central planning and its impact on regional development, major environmental crises that were inherited from the Soviet era and the establishment of new ties with its neighbors including: China, Afghanistan, and the European Union. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR244.
  
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    GPH 234 Geography of Europe

    3 Credit(s) DIII V
    This course presents a detailed geography of Europe. Emphasis will be placed upon the geographic aspects of physiographic, social, economic, political, and cultural patterns. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR234.
  
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    GPH 235 Geography of Africa

    3 Credit(s) DIII V
    This course deals with the complexities of the human and physical environments of Africa. The role of European colonialism in the economic development of the continent is studied. Emergent nationalism in independent states and racial policies in several of the major political units are analyzed. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR235.
  
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    GPH 236 Geography of Asia

    3 Credit(s) DIII V
    This course analyzes the cultural and physical patterns of South, Southeast and East Asia. Special topics for consideration include population dynamics, economic development, climatic and physiographic variety, and cultural regionalism. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR236.
  
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    GPH 237 Geography of the Middle East

    3 Credit(s) DIII V WC
    This course concentrates on the southwest portion of the Middle East. The northern tier of states in Africa is also considered. The approach is largely cultural and historical, set within the political and physical framework. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR237.
  
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    GPH 245 Cartography

    3 Credit(s)
    This course is an introduction to the science of analytical map development employing computer cartographic technologies. Concepts stress data acquisition, spatial analysis, and data display coupled with theory of cartographic compilation and generalization to produce analytically useful maps. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR241.
  
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    GPH 246 Parks and Protected Areas

    3 Credit(s) DIII
    This course analyzes the origins, types and purposes of protected areas as part of integrated resource and environmental management. The emphasis is primarily on North America but will also address parks and reserves at the global level. In addition to the physical environment of protected places, human interaction with the landscape will also be discussed. This course is not a “tour” of national parks but a study of the ideas and “place” of protected areas. Three lecture hours per week.
  
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    GPH 247 Exploring Tourism Destinations

    3 Credit(s)
    This course examines the dimensions of tourism from a spatial and regional perspective. Students will explore the economic opportunities created in tourist destinations and regions, will examine the means through which firms and entrepreneurs exploit such opportunities or location-driven competitive advantages, and will investigate some of the external economic forces that influence the viability of tourism destinations. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR365. Prerequisite: GPH315  or GGR270.
  
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    GPH 248 Ecotourism

    3 Credit(s) W-II


    This course introduces the concepts surrounding sustainable ecotourism development. The benefits and weaknesses of utilizing natural resources and wildlife as attractions and destinations will be discussed along with the importance of sustainability and environmentalism principles. Understanding how/why ecotourism is used as an economic development initiative globally is also considered. Students will develop writing skills through preparation of case studies and tourism analysis. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit or GGR367 or GPH363.

     

     

  
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    GPH 251 Cultural Geography

    3 Credit(s) DIII CS
    This course examines the human imprint on the environment. Demographic, religious and language distributions are analyzed. Special topics such as local settlement landscapes may be included. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR204.
  
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    GPH 252 Native American Lands and Environments

    3 Credit(s) DIII V CS
    This course will examine the cultural and political geography of Native Americans. It explores the lands and natural resources under Native American jurisdiction. Students will be introduced to the importance of law, legislation and federal policies in the changing geography of Native Americans. The course will also examine cultural differences in how American Indians and Euro-Americans think about land, natural resources and place. Case studies of reservation land use, hunting and fishing rights, environmental protection, sacred sites and tourism development will be used to explore the complex cultural and political geographies of Native Americans. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR248.
  
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    GPH 253 World Cities

    3 Credit(s) DIII
    This course provides an introduction to the form and function of cities in regions of the world. The role of culture, technological change, economic activities, physical geography and political and religious organizations in influencing form, function and architecture will be studied. Environmental impacts, ties to rural areas, globalization and the role of tourism in representative cities will be reviewed. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR160.
  
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    GPH 261 Introduction to Travel and Tourism

    3 Credit(s) DIII CS
    This course provides an overview of the field of travel and tourism with an examination of the geographic, economic and cultural importance of travel and tourism. Topics will include reasons for travel, destination selections, travel modes, tourism development, and the role of the geographer. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR261.
  
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    GPH 264 Recreation Geography

    3 Credit(s) DIII
    This course analyzes recreation user patterns and the form, function, distribution and impact of recreation facilities. Topics include outdoor recreation, leisure communities, and spectator sports. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR211.
  
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    GPH 282P Global Environmental Issues

    3 Credit(s) DII
    An introduction to the physical and human dimensions of global environmental change. The course will examine global elemental cycles and their interactions within the physical environment. In addition, human-driving forces will be analyzed such as land-use change and industrialization. Course will review use of remote sensing and GIS technologies for analysis of global and regional change. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR262P. Prerequisite: Completion of lab science sequence or permission of Department Chairperson.
  
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    GPH 285P Oceanography

    3 Credit(s) DII SR
    This course describes and analyzes the morphology of ocean basins and their geological origins. The physical and chemical characteristics of seawater, the dynamics of oceanic circulation, and the role of the marine environment as a human resource are discussed. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR252P.
  
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    GPH 287P Climatology

    3 Credit(s) DII
    This course studies the nature and distribution of world climatic regions. Local and regional variations in general patterns are analyzed by means of selected data. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR351P. Prerequisite: GGR100P or GPH 100P  or GGR101P or GPH 101P  or permission of Department Chairperson.
  
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    GPH 301 Introduction to Quantitative Geography

    3 Credit(s) DII Q QR
    This course provides an introduction to probability, statistics and spatial data techniques used in geographic research and in analysis of data in geographic information systems.  The course includes: the meaning and significance of numerical data, the analysis of central tendency and variance, sampling, data distributions, point and area spatial measurement and models, inferential statistics, correlation and regression. Three lecture hours per week. This course is a prerequisite for GPH 302.
  
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    GPH 302 Geographic Research

    3 Credit(s) W W-III
    This course prepares students for advanced research and departmental course work by examining the breadth of geography as an academic discipline, by understanding fundamental research techniques, by mastering basic computer skills and by developing and completing an original research project. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR205. Prerequisite: GPH 301  or GGR206.
  
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    GPH 313 Political Geography

    3 Credit(s) DIII
    This course is a study of the structure and organization of political areas at different levels and the impact of selected geographic phenomena on their development and interaction. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR313.
  
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    GPH 314 Population Geography

    3 Credit(s) DIII
    This course covers the regional and national variations in population size, structure, and growth and the consequences for social and economic development. Case studies in the dynamics of migration and government population policies. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR315.
  
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    GPH 315 Economic Geography

    3 Credit(s) DIII
    This course provides an examination of economic activities on the earth’s surface. Basic location theory precedes a discussion of selected activities in the primary, secondary, and tertiary sectors of the economy. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR270.
  
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    GPH 315 Economic Geography

    3 Credit(s) DIII
    This course provides an examination of economic activities on the earth’s surface. Basic location theory precedes a discussion of selected activities in the primary, secondary, and tertiary sectors of the economy. Three lecture hours per week.  Not open to students who have received credit for GGR270.
  
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    GPH 316 Urban Geography

    3 Credit(s) DIII
    This course covers cities from a geographic point of view: urban patterns, functions, and problems. In addition, the course looks at the origin, growth, and social and economic structure of selected cities. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR271.
  
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    GPH 317 Transportation Geography

    3 Credit(s) DIII W W-II
    This course is designed to provide a general overview of the field of transportation geography. Transportation is a very geographic phenomenon and also a crucial component for all aspects of society today and in the past. In this course, transportation geography from a historical, urban, facility, international, intermodal, and sustainable perspective are all examined. Three lecture hours per week. Prerequisite: W-I course or equivalent.
  
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    GPH 319 Marketing Geography

    3 Credit(s) DIII
    This coure analyzes site selection analysis, retailing, wholesaling and manufacturing geography. Emphasis on trade-area regions and patterns. Three lecture hours per week. Fieldwork projects required. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR 337 .
  
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    GPH 340 Geographic Information Systems

    3 Credit(s) DIII Q
    Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are powerful forms of spatial information processing. Incorporating analytic geographic techniques to capture, maintain, analyze, and display data, GIS generate unique spatial information widely used by both the public and private sectors. Specifically, this course details the analytical and technical development and the applied uses of GIS for business, environmental, and social applications. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR320.
  
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    GPH 343 Air Photo Interpretation

    3 Credit(s)
    This course details the analytic use of various forms of aerial photography including manual interpretation, elementary photogrammetric techniques, mission design and planning, as well as integration and preparation of derived aerial photographic data for geographic systems analysis. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR342.
  
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    GPH 344 Remote Sensing: Studying the Earth from Space

    3 Credit(s) DII SR
    This course explores how scientists study the Earth from space using satellite data. The course covers the fundamental concepts of remote sensing from the physics of light energy and the mechanics of satellite imaging to the visual and digital analysis of satellite imagery for problem solving. The course uses a combination of lecture and computer applications. This course will provide students with the conceptual foundations and the technical skills to apply remote sensing for problem solving in earth science and environmental issues. Satisfies the Scientific Reasoning (non-laboratory) for the General Education core. The course has no prerequisites, but it is not advised as a course for freshmen. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR343.
  
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    GPH 345 Geotechniques in Information Technology

    3 Credit(s)
    This course examines the uses of automated techniques in Geography and Information Technology to disseminate, present and communicate geographic research and information. It will introduce students to the digital data and technological tools that geographers frequently use. These include: GIS techniques, remote sensing, global positioning systems, data mining and automated output devices, including the World Wide Web, listservs and computer assisted presentation and storage software. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR380.
  
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    GPH 346 GIS in Business and Community Development

    3 Credit(s) DII Q
    Geographic information is increasingly relevant and often critical to businesses, organizations, governments and communities.  A geographic information system (GIS) forms the basis for accessing geographic information, mapping, analysis, and decision making.  This course emphasizes and ties together the key topics of GIS as they are used in business settings and community development.
  
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    GPH 347 GIS Applications: Special Topics

    3 Credit(s)
    This course will involve a detailed examination of an application of GIS. The examination will include a review of the background literature on the subject of the application, a study of the geospatial technology involved in the application, and an analysis on how the two are interrelated. This is a special topics class that may be taken twice as long as the topics are different.
  
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    GPH 355 Reading the Cultural Landscape

    3 Credit(s) DIII
    The cultural landscape reveals the intricate tapestry of human habitation and forms a primary document for geographic research. Using several techniques, students examine the cultural organization of the landscape. By understanding the landscape, students will have greater insights into economic activity, technological levels, the built environment, and cultural values. Students will undertake a series of projects to explore the world around them. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR280.
  
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    GPH 356 New England Folklore & Regionality

    3 Credit(s) DIII
    The folklore of New England is a mirror of the region’s places, people, and culture. A rich legacy exists in the material cultural, stories, songs, and customs that continue to shape regional society, landscape, and identity. This course explores folkloric aspects of selected communities to better understand their cultural diversity and, at the same time, to appreciate their underlying human similarities. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR230.
  
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    GPH 360 Globalization: Geographies of Global Changes

    3 Credit(s) DIII
    This course provides an introduction to the geographies of globalization. Four geographical dimensions of globalization will be studied: economic geographies, geopolitics, socio-cultural geographies and the impact of globalization on the biophysical environment. The goal in this course is to help students become familiar with the debates surrounding globalization, the geographical changes and consequences that are associated with the term and the theoretical constructs that have been employed to explain the geographies of globalization. Case studies from around the world will be used to develop an appreciation of global geographical changes. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR245.
  
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    GPH 362 Comprehensive Travel Planning

    3 Credit(s)
    In this course students will learn proper procedures for packaging worldwide independent and group travel. International travel regulations and prepackaged tours are examined. Emphasis is on long arrangements. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR362.
  
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    GPH 364 Special Events and Festivals

    3 Credit(s) DIII
    This course offers an introduction to the researching, planning, coordinating, marketing, management and evaluation of special events and festivals.  This course content will explore the theories and practices relevant to successful event planning for host community residents and tourists.
  
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    GPH 365 Tourism Planning and Development

    3 Credit(s)
    This course is intended to provide a framework for planning tourism development. Tourism resources and attractions are analyzed and economic and developmental impacts, both actual and potential, are ascertained. All aspects of tourism are examined with the development of a master plan. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR364.
  
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    GPH 373 Land Use Planning and Analysis

    3 Credit(s)
    This course introduces the process of land use planning as it occurs in the United States. The history of American urbanization is examined especially as it relates to the development of the American planning system. Individual topics such as zoning, infrastructure planning, growth management economic development planning and environmental protection are all analyzed in this course. Three lecture hours per week. Group field trips may be substituted for some lectures. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR370.
  
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    GPH 375 Food, Drink and the Environment

    3 Credit(s) DIII CS
    This course examines the geography of the global agro-food system.  Students will learn about the economic, environmental and political factors shaping contemporary global and regional patterns of food production.  The course explores the corporate consolidation of food production, processing, transport, marketing and retailing and the profound environmental, social and economic consequences of the global food system.  The course also examines efforts to make the agro-food system more environmentally sustainable and socially just.  We look at alternatives such as the local food movement, organic agriculture, slow food, community supported agriculture, farmers markets and other emerging agro-ecological models.  The goal of the course is to provide a critical understanding of the global agro-food system and to explore debates over various alternatives and their viability.  Three lecture hours per week.  Environment Sustainability Concentration requirement, elective for others.
  
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    GPH 376P Conservation of Natural Resources

    3 Credit(s) DII
    This course emphasizes the complexities of managing renewable and non-renewable resources at various geographic scales, local to global. Scientific and social concepts pertaining to resource assessment and use are presented, as are conservation policies, programs, and practices. Problems associated with resource-user conflicts are also discussed. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR250P.
  
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    GPH 377 Environmental Impact Assessment

    3 Credit(s) DII
    This course is designed to introduce students to the applied field of environmental impact assessment (or EIA). A comprehensive framework for evaluating environmental impacts is presented. Requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act for preparing and writing environmental impact statements will be covered with materials from actual EIS’s. Other environmental regulations to be covered include the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, the Endangered Species Act, and the Massachusetts Environmental Policy Act. The course provides students with a working knowledge of the EIA process. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR352.
  
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    GPH 379 Environmental Justice

    3 Credit(s) DIII V W-II
    This course explores the issue of Environmental Justice in both domestic and international settings. Environmental Justice is the fair treatment of all people with respect to environmental politics and their implementations. A hallmark of environmental injustice is the persistence of geographic inequalities in the distribution of environmental burdens or amenities. Students will review major theories of justice and discrimination and apply these concepts to case studies. Students will explore the social and structural factors that contribute to environmental inequalities and the innovative solutions that communities are using to address these problems. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR357.  Prerequisite: W-I course.
  
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    GPH 383P Biogeography

    3 Credit(s) DII
    This course serves as an introduction to the basic facts and concepts of biogeography. It will review the biogeographical and other enviromental controls which help to explain distribution of plants and animals. It will bring together specialized subdisciplines and information of both plants and animals in order to explain patterns of geographic distributions of organisms in terms of the historical and contemporary environmental processes that have caused them. Finally, the course will review in detail the distributions of contemporary plant and animal groups with a special focus on North America. Computer analysis will be used to explore these concepts. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR332P Prerequisite: One introductory natural science course or permission of the Department Chairperson.
  
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    GPH 385P Soils and the Environment

    3 Credit(s) DII
    This course examines the fundamental principles of soil science and soils geography, including the origin, nature, and composition of soils; their physical, biological and chemical properties; and the geographical considerations of formation, soils distribution, and soil management. Planning, development, and environmental issues will be examined. Occasional local field trips are required. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR354P. Prerequisite: Completion of a lab science sequence or permission of Department Chairperson.
  
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    GPH 386P Meteorology

    3 Credit(s) DII
    This course analyzes the atmosphere, weather elements, air masses, fronts, and storms. It introduces the principles of weather forecasting and special problems of micrometeorology. Laboratory practice in the instrumentation and data analysis procedures of meteorological observation including the use of synoptic maps and upper air charts is provided. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR350P.
  
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    GPH 387P Severe and Unusual Weather

    3 Credit(s) DII
    This course examines the types, causes, formation and life cycle, frequencies, locations, and environmental impacts of severe and unusual weather. Students will have the opportunity to become certified as official National Weather Service/SKYWARN severe weather spotters. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR247.
  
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    GPH 400 Directed Study in Geography

    1-6 Credit(s)
    This course is an independent study of a selected topic in systematic or regional geography with emphasis on intensive research and analysis. Subject to the approval of the study advisor and the Department Chairperson.
  
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    GPH 401 Co-operative Education

    3 Credit(s)
    Not open to students who have received credit for GGR399.
  
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    GPH 402 Study-Travel Seminar

    3-6 Credit(s)
    This is an orientation course concerning selected geographic problems of a specific region followed by intensive field study in the area concerned. Focus will be on regions in the United States and selected foreign areas. Course repeatable with permission of the Department Chairperson.
  
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    GPH 410 Internship in Geography

    3-12 Credit(s)
    This is an internship under the auspices of various public and private organizations involved in areas directly related to the student’s academic interest in Geography or Cartography. Number of credit hours will vary with commitment. To register, students must meet departmental requirements and have Department Chairperson’s approval on credit hours before registration.
  
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    GPH 442 Programming for GIS

    3 Credit(s)
    As Geographic Information Systems (GIS) become more common, they are increasingly being combined with programming and scripting languages to facilitate repetitive tasks and more complex geoprocessing approaches. The goal of this class is to provide an introduction  to the Python programming language, and to be able to apply that skill to geoprocessing tasks. In addition, this class will develop the ability to apply those software and geoprocessing skills to real world situations. Prerequisite: GPH 140  or GPH 340 .
  
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    GPH 444 Digital Image Processing of Remotely Sensed Data

    3 Credit(s)
    This course provides an investigation of the fundamentals of digital image processing as applied to remotely sensed data. This course includes study of the physics of light and the hardware systems used to record specific wavelengths of the electromagnetic spectrum. Laboratory and fieldwork are related to the digital analysis of LANDSAT and other imagery in a sequence of analytic processes common to problem solving. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to student who have received credit for GGR345.
  
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    GPH 445 Quantitative Geography

    3 Credit(s)
    This course provides an introduction to geographic applications of selected descriptive and inferential statistical measures. Special attention will be given to problems of sampling, organization and analysis of areal data, as well as map data storage and retrieval. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR420.
  
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    GPH 446 Advanced Geographic Information Systems

    3 Credit(s)
    This course prepares the student to administer and direct GIS technical and human resources. Students are exposed to GIS analysis and design by employing a structured method approach. Further, the student is shown how to identify, track and correct systems errors throughout the GIS implementation process. Students gain experience by developing and administering a prototype GIS. Three lecture hours per week with three additional hours per week in the Digital Geography Lab. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR421. Prerequisite: GPH 340  or GGR320.
  
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    GPH 447 Advanced Computer Cartography

    3 Credit(s)
    This course explores the use of computer-assisted cartography in the development of contour (isarithmic) maps. Topics include continuous field data sampling, interpolation analysis, trend and residual surface development, kriging, calculated surfaces, and cartographic modeling. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR444. Prerequisite: GPH 140  or GGR150 or GPH 245  or GGR241 or permission of Department Chairperson.
  
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    GPH 462 Exploring Tourism Destinations

    3 Credit(s)
    This course examines the dimensions of tourism from a spatial and regional perspective. Students will explore the economic opportunities created in tourist destinations and regions, will examine the means through which firms and entrepreneurs exploit such opportunities or location-driven competitive advantages, and will investigate some of the external economic forces that influence the viability of tourism destinations. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR365.
    Prerequisite: GPH315 or GGR270.
  
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    GPH 463 International Perspectives in Tourism

    3 Credit(s) DIII
    This course examines the dynamics and structure of the global travel industry. Students will explore the forces shaping the present and future demand for travel, assess the strategies of travel suppliers and explore the changing role of travel agents, corporate travel firms, and travel industry entrepreneurs. Beyond an examination of the business of travel, students will also examine technological trends in transport and travel planning and will discuss the social and ecological impacts of the industry worldwide. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR363.
  
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    GPH 473 Planning Policy & Decision Making

    3 Credit(s) DIII
    The emphasis of this course is the study of land use planning policy and its impact on land use development decision making. The course begins with the detailed analysis of a land use problem before then examining different types of policy that address the problem. Case studies are a predominant part of the course and real-world land use planning projects are often incorporated. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR265.
  
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    GPH 476 Seminar in Geographic Concepts

    3 Credit(s)
    This course is an interactive seminar designed to carry out research and exchange ideas regarding the communication of geographic concepts, especially in regard to geographic education. The course will examine selected concepts, techniques, and methods in light of case studies to prepare and present oral presentations, written reports, and lesson plans. Three lecture hours per week. Not open to students who have received credit for GGR356.
  
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    GPH 500 Research Topics in Geography

    3 Credit(s)
    Individual research topics in Geography are investigated under the supervision of Department faculty. Prerequisite: Permission of the Department Chairperson.

Geological Sciences

  
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    GLS 100 Dynamic Earth

    4 Credit(s) DII Q SR SRL
    This course will help students to develop scientific literacy through exploration of a variety of topics in earth science such as climate and climate change, volcanoes, earthquakes, glaciers, oceans, plate tectonics, water resources, mineral resources, rocks and energy. Three lecture hours and one two-hour laboratory per week.
  
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    GLS 101 Field Studies in Earth Science

    4 Credit(s) DII Q SR SRL
    This course focuses on basic earth processes and fundamental concepts in the geological sciences through exploration of our physical environment in New England. Weekly field trips and field exercises to investigate earth processes are scheduled during class and laboratory hours. These field experiences are a fundamental part of the course and will help students to visualize geology in the field and observe and interpret geologic processes. One weekend field trip is required. The course consists of three lecture hours and two laboratory hours.
  
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    GLS 102 Evolving Earth

    4 Credit(s) DII Q SR SRL
    This course exposes students to scientific inquiry and develops scientific literacy through an exploration of Earth and its 4.6 billion year history. Topics covered include the origin and evolution of the planet as well as its climate,  atmosphere, oceans, and life forms. Students will use modern scientific methods and analytical skills to interpret geologic samples, structures, data, and maps in the context of Earth history. A focus will be placed on the relevance of past Earth events in light of future environmental conditions. Three lecture hours and one two-hour laboratory per week.
  
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    GLS 108 Geology in the Movies

    3.0 Credit(s) SR
    This course will introduce students to fundamental concepts and processes in geology including geologic hazards (such as earthquakes, volcanoes tsunamis, and sinkholes), environmental issues (such as climate change and groundwater use), and other geologic processes (such as plate tectonics, mass extinction, and origin of life). These topics will be discussed in order to evaluate the appropriateness and accuracy of geology portrayed in movies. Geologic issues that impact society will be explored in-depth. This course is 3 lecture hours per week and will include time outside of lecture to watch movie clips from the required movies.
  
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    GLS 110 Geology of National Parks

    3 Credit(s) DII Q SR
    Students will explore the geologic processes responsible for creating the unique landscapes preserved in the National Parks System, and how protection of these lands benefits society. Three lecture hours per week.
  
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    GLS 112 Human Geologic Fingerprint

    3.0 Credit(s) SR
    Earth’s environment is a dynamic system that responds to human behavior over short and long timescales. This course will expose students to scientific inquiry and develop scientific literacy examining the geologic record of human activities, and the environmental consequences of these activities over time spans ranging from decades to thousands of years. Topics will include humans’ influence on Earth’s climate system, local effects of contaminant input to the environment and human-driven habitat and land use change. Case studies will examine both global and local records of human-induced environmental change. Three lecture hours per week.
  
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    GLS 115 Geology of the Solar System

    3 Credit(s) DII Q SR
    This course considers the origin and evolution of our solar system through methods of scientific inquiry and reasoning. The composition, surficial and internal geologic processes that shape and form the planets and satellites of our solar system are considered. Three lecture hours per week.
  
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    GLS 120 Geology and the Environment

    3 Credit(s) DII Q SR
    This course exposes students to geological inquiry and methods of exploring the natural world. Students will apply the scientific method and analytical skills to understanding water resources and uses, contamination of surface and groundwater by development, mining and energy exploitation, as well as remediation of contaminated geologic environments. Three lecture hours per week. Intended for students not majoring in Geological Sciences.
 

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